Covid-19 first wave has created a substantial impact on our economy.
Many people have lost their jobs.
If you have lost your job or if you are being paid less, you can understand the painful situation better than us. There there are many others like you. You would be undergoing a lot of financial stress and emotional trauma. There would be panic, pressure, and responsibilities especially if you’re the breadwinner of your family. Did you hear of the suicides in the recent past due to the corona crisis job loss?
With the sudden loss of income, thinking of managing your living, buying necessaries, and paying off loans and insurance would be difficult.
The good news is now we have a vaccine. Also, RBI says that the impact of the second wave on economy will not be severe as last year.
But still a lot of people hardly managed to recover from the first wave economic drawback.
This article will help you invest and earn a regular income for two years.
We are glad you’re reading through to find solutions to your problem. You’ve taken the right step.
Have you heard of Oseola McCarty’s story?
This is an inspiring story of a young girl who started saving as a child, heeding to her mother’s words. She wasn’t in a great job, and so her earnings were also less. She neither had job security nor a guaranteed regular income. Regardless of all this, she did it through the tragedies, some of the worst economic crises in American history, she was able to withstand them.
Not only that she made it through all these but she also had a sum of $280,000 in her bank account during the time she retired, i.e. in 1995.
She, even as a child, was only concerned about saving for her future. The question is if she can, why can’t you? Or why won’t you?
You can read her full story here,
Now, to know how to invest, first, let’s analyze your spending habits before your job loss and after your job loss.
How did you spend your money before?
Before the COVID pandemic, you would have spent money on shopping, restaurants, entertainment, beauty parlors, movies at theatres, gym, tours, events, attractions, and other such recreational activities. You would have spent on them lavishly.
How are you spending your money now after the job loss?
After the job loss, or a reduction in income, and with the closure of almost all activities, you have stopped spending on many but there would still be some expenses that you cannot stop like your daily provisions, rents, loans, insurances, etc.
Read through this article to know how to generate regular income for 2 years and also pay off your outstanding expenses.
Also, watch the video here!
Here’s how to face the job cut and generate regular income for two years
Follow these simple and practical steps.
3. Stop worrying
4. Get help
You will learn from the four steps, how to reduce your unwanted expenses, and how to invest for a regular income.
What should you estimate?
Estimate how much money you need for expenses like essentials, loans, insurance payments, etc.
First, we will see the difference between Nice to have and the must-have expenses.
⭐ Nice to have, Must-have
What is nice to have and what is must-have?
“What you need and what you want aren’t the same things” – Cherise Sinclair
Must have are the needs and these are the essentials.
Nice to have are wants. These should be avoided as they are not essentials during this time.
Cut down these non-essential expenses, it can be subscriptions, memberships, etc. all those without which you can survive. Do this at least during this time of uncertainty.
Benefit: This will allow you to save money for other necessary items like groceries, rent, utilities, etc.
Here is a link to the Expense Planner Calculator, you can download this.
Just follow these simple steps and it will guide you to make your investments.
The first step is Estimation.
In the first sheet, we will estimate the amount required for 2 years.
To start with, first, enter your monthly expenses, automatically it will sum up the monthly expense, yearly expense, and the expense for 2 years, i.e the amount required for 2 years.
Here the monthly expense amounts to Rs.91,500 which leads to Rs. 10,98,000 per year and Rs.21,96,000 for 2 years respectively. Make note of the amount you require for 2 years, in this case, it is Rs. 21,96,000.
- Insurance – Don’t forget to pay your insurance premiums.
“Some debts are fun when you are acquiring them, but none are fun when you set about retiring them” – Ogden Nash
If you have loans, find how much is outstanding. Try to pay off your debts, if that’s not possible, then try extending the loan tenure to lower the EMI, and in the worst case, you may use the EMI moratorium facility.
“Never depend on a single income, make an investment to create a second source.” – Warren Buffet
Warren Buffet stated this long time ago, but it still makes sense. It is good to make investments, so you always have a second source of income.
During this crisis from where will you have money to make your investments?
You can use your emergency funds, fixed deposits, and other savings.
What if you haven’t saved?
If you haven’t saved anything, you can use your PPF and EPF amounts (Here a partial withdrawal is allowed).
Links on how to withdraw PF money during the corona crisis
Here, Rs. 21,96,000 that we found after estimation is the amount we require for the next 2 years. Now let us find how to source this.
This step is called SOURCE OF FUNDS.
In sheet 1 of the calculator, on the right hand side, you can enter the amounts you have from your various investments.
Note: Please arrange funds to make this Remaining corpus required as zero.
b. Where to invest
Where should you make your investments for a regular income?
Choices can be deceiving and time-consuming and hence we have listed the investment options here below for your convenience.
⭐ Liquid funds
Liquid funds invest in high-quality short term debt mutual fund instruments. It is to generate income in a very short-term with safety. As the name suggests it is highly liquid.
⭐ Bank fixed deposits (FD)
A bank FD pays a fixed rate of interest until given maturity date. It provides a higher rate of interest than a regular savings account. It gives you an assured return. This is one way of generating regular income. It helps the habit of saving and it is an appealing and secure option. For eg: You invest Rs. 6 lacs @ 5% interest for 1 year. By the end of one year, you would earn Rs. 6,30,000 (Principal and interest).
⭐ SWPs (Systematic Withdrawal Plan) in Debt funds
This is a standing instruction given to the mutual funds, to credit a fixed sum every month to your bank account. It allows you to stay invested and withdraw only periodically. There is a discipline in withdrawing.
For example: If you invest your money in a savings account, you may withdraw as and when you want and chances are high that you will overspend. But if you opt for SWP’s in liquid funds, you will be credited a fixed sum every month and hence there will be control in your spending.
These are the options where you can park your funds, do not choose an easy option but rather the right option, by analyzing its pros and cons.
Benefit: You will be able to get a regular income for two years.
c. How to invest?
Now, this step is called “Investing in funds”. It is on sheet 2, on the calculator.
The remaining corpus required here is Rs.21,96,000 for two years.
Now we will see how to invest for 1st-year income and 2nd-year income.
For 1st year income: The amount needed for the first year is Rs. 10,98,000. Now let us see how to invest this amount. In the first year, the plan is to invest Rs. 10,98,000 in liquid funds and to withdraw Rs. 91,500 via SWP.
For 2nd year income: The amount needed for the second year is Rs. 10,98,000. Let us find how to invest for the 2nd year’s income. At the beginning of the first year itself. This money is idle for the first 12 months. So we will invest this at the beginning of the first year itself in FD. As and when it matures at the year end, we can reinvest to generate income for 2nd year.There are two options for the second year.
Option 1(A) is to invest Rs.10,98,000 in fixed deposit and when it matures, the maturity amount (Rs.11,52,900) can be invested in liquid funds and withdrawn via SWP (Rs.96,075). Though the required monthly income is Rs.91,500, you can withdraw Rs.96,075.
(You can enter the rate of interest, here it is 5%)
Option 1(B) is to withdraw only Rs.91,500 monthly from the maturity amount as SWP and later withdraw Rs.54,900 once(additional reserve).
The 2 nd option to generate the second year income is to invest a slightly lesser amount at a discounted rate (Rs.10,43,100), which will mature to Rs. 10,98,000. Then it can be invested in liquid funds and withdrawn via SWP (Rs. 91,500).
You can download the calculator for planning income for 2 years here.
3. Stop worrying
“Worry never robs tomorrow of its sorrow, it only saps today of its joy.” – Leo F. Buscaglia
Do not worry about the tax liability or other financial goals right now. When the situation improves you can rethink about these. Focus only on things that you can control now.
4. Get help
Can you get help during these times?
Yes, it’s never wrong to get help, find a mentor, and reach out. If you need to consult a financial advisor, please go ahead, don’t hesitate.
Benefit: You will be able to get proper guidance and you wouldn’t jump into wrong conclusions.
Covid-19 second wave may not create impact on our economy like the first wave. But still, it can affect us. This too shall pass. Do follow the above steps and earn a regular income for two years.
Smart people would have started cutting down their unnecessary expenses and started investing. Are you also one of them? Have you started investing?
Stay home! Stay safe! Wear mask! G*et vaccinated!